By Shyam Chand
Book Excepts. Translation is mine.
Exotic Origins of Varna and Caste System
Golvalkar writes, "Hindu people, they said, is the Virat Purush, the Almighty manifesting Himself. Though they did not use the word Hindu, it is clear from the following description of the Almighty in the Purush Sukta where it is stated that the Sun and the Moon are his eyes and the Stars and Skies are created from His Nabhi (naval) and Brahmin is the head, King hands, Vaishya the thighs and Shudra ae the feet. This means that the people who have this fourfold arrangement i.e. the Hindu People is our God."
Caste system is the most articulated hegemonic system in which parasites have been living on the sweat and blood of the producers. This system, the product of human ingenuity, 'divinely ordained', is the most undivinely graded degraded social structure, which has reduced a vast section of Hindu society to the status of dehumanised destitutes.
The genesis of caste system can be traced to Manusmriti drawing inspiration from interpolated Purush Sukta of Rig Veda. According to the Bhagwat Purana, there was "One Veda One God and One Caste."
Moreover, diction, enunciation, construction, meters, etc of Purush Sukta are different from those of Rig Veda. Eminent scholars have reached the conclusion that its incorporation is interpolation; an act of stuffing and stuffing is transparently transposition.
Purush Sukta was stuffed into Rig Veda which does not agree with the original Rig Veda (10.137.1):
Ye enlightened men,
Uplift once more
The fallen and the degraded
The lowly and the lorn.
Ye illustrious men,
Uplift him who has sinned
Help him to begin life anew.
In this respect, the essential teaching of the Rig Veda is not different from the Bible.
Manu must be a widely travelled man or he must have been in the touch with the people engaged in foreign trade. The doctrine of metempsychosis was adopted by Roman warriors to encourage their soldiers to fight without any fear of death as souk did not die but would pass into another body at death. This theory in not Vedic.
Manu, it seems, had heavily borrowed from the Druids. Human sacrifices, belief in god, life of a recluse, retiring in forest in old age, ritual puriry, etc were the basic articles of faith of the Druids. In fact, our Brahmins are the replicas of first cousins of Druids.
The Brahmanic orientation of Hindu society, different from the Vedic tradition, has grown over millennia into a hydra-headed monster which all the reformers, put together, have not been able to subdue it. Manu's Social System, Criminology of Brahminology, is like a parasite creeper (Amar Bel) thrown on Hinduism. As a matter of fact, the more the reformers tried to nurse the magnificent Hindu tree, the more the parasite creeper became greener and greener. It has sucked very vital of Vedic religion, criminalized, fragemented and fractured Hindu Society.
Manu, the self appointed Hindu law giver (like the present self appointed custodians of Hindu culture of RSS band) borrowed everything from foreign social systems and codified laws in his Smriti. The entire system is exogenous and exotic made exoteric by the priestly class by arrogating to itself the right of ritual purification. This self-appointed mystagogue "divinely ordained" his social system which created a priestly mafia with vice-like grip on Hindu mind and psyche.
Manu Smriti is an inhuman monument of India's terrible triple tragedy. It has dehumanised and despiritualised vast section of our society; it has created enmity between different Varnas or castes; and it has been the cuase of India's slavery of centuries. Moreover, all they tyrants of world history from Changez Khan to Hitler have not tyrannised the mankind as much as Manu's Varna system had made us devoid of manumision! Offsprings of the sea pirates who killed seamen and plundered their wealth have been civilised. Icons of Apartheid have been broken and champions of racial segregation in USA have become human beings. But here the priestly class without conscience, is hard to be humanised and Hinduised. Brahmanism and fascism are two sides of the same coin.
Even the word Hindu is exotic. People living in the east of River Sindhu were called Sindhus by Persians. In Persians letter S is pronounced H. Hence Sindhus became Hindus.
It is mix of irony and tragedy that every crime against humanity has the sanction of Dharma or stamp of spirituality.
It is interesting to note that Manu, in the first instance, allowed sub-castes or gotras ot Brahmins at random. It is not necessary that the Brahmins, who are Vasishths or Bhardwais are really the descendants of these sages. Anybody left out could become a Kashyap. It can be proved historically.
It is a false presumption that people with the sub-caste or gotra bearing same sage's appellation are the direct descendents of that sage.
There is evidence that mass conversions had taken place before the Varna System came into being.
More than 99.9 % Brahmins are neither Aryans nor they are the descendants of Rishis after whose name they claim their origins.
It is also evident that the before these Rishis there was no caste system.
In the Bhakti period, Hindu and Sufi Saints tried to break the barriers of caste system. What Saints like Nanak, Kabir and Ravidas did was undone by Tulsidas with women and Shudra-bashing.
In modern times many social reformers did try to loosen the steel frame of caste system and its inexorable laws. Rajaram Mohan Roy, Davindranath Tagore and Rabindranath Tagore had to face social ostracism with stoic silence. Ranade was excommunicated by the Shankaracharya. Swami Dayanand was denounced untouchability and caste system was administered poison. Survival of Hinduism is mainly due to these social reformers who were mainly Brahmins but with conscience. When Gandhi ji started a movement against untouchability, he was received with black flags, brickbats and shower of abuses. ..Orthodox Hindus denounced Gandhi ji and declared him a threat to Hinduism.
Historically speaking Manu does not recogise Dalits (untouchables) as Hindus. He refuses to have fifth Varna. He speaks of them as Varna-Bah'yas, those outside the Varna system. That is the reason no reform is successful. When Dalits are not a part of Hindu society, they remain separate and segregated. Ainapure Shastri, leader of the orthodox Hindus said that the Untouchables were related to Hindus as a man is related to his shoe. "Attachment and detachment can't be said to form part of one whole." A Dalit is like a woman - paer ki juti, a footwear.
Caste system is a forced segregation, not a choice. The concept of ritual purity-pollution is unethical. To expect ritual purity from a person who is denied education and spiritual evolution, is not only morally wrong, it shows social and moral bankruptcy. Moreover, ritual purity of outward, inward is moral purity.
The morality is not the concern of gods and beasts. When Brahmins declared themselves as gods on earth, they exempted themselves from any censure and notion of morality. Moreover, Manu arms Brahmins with an enabling clause as well as with an escape clause. A Brahmin can do any thing immoral and remain a Brahmin. If he learns Persian and becomes a Maulvi in a Mosque he is still a Brahmin. If the Brahmin minister of Nizam of Hyderabad offers mandatory Namaz five times a day, once out of palace gate, he becomes a Brahmin again.
The Myth of Purity of Blood
To defend caste system to maintain purity of blood is a myth and that myth is exploded by the word Chandel - a product of the union between a Brahmin woman and Shudra father. Human nature is as it is, no race on earth has been able to maintain purity of blood, India is no exception. D.R. Bhandarkar in his paper Foreign Elements in Hindu Population, says, "There is hardly a class or caste in India which has not a foreign strain in it. There is admixture of alien blood not only among the warrior classes - Rajputs and Marathas - but also among Brahmins who are under happy delusion that they are free from all foreign elements."
In the same way, Brahmanical concept of pollution has polluted all other religions. As a matter of fact Brahmanism is a cosmic pollutent. It pollutes every faith it comes in contact with. Caste is an anathema to Christianity, Islam and Sikhism. But Chaturvarna needle, used unsterillized has injected contagious and poisonous caste germ in them in India.
Who are Dalits?
In the initial stage, members of one family belonging to different Varna were living together under one roof. It was the Gurukul system, which created the problem. In the Gurukuls, the wards were given the gradation according to their aptitude, ability and proficiency which determined their Varna. Giving sacred thread and the performance of Upananya Ceremony, were Guru's right. Whether it was by design or by manipulation, after some time people were placed in the category of Brahmins, apprehending their wards being graded as Shudra, arrogated to themselves the right to give sacred thread and perform Upananya ceremony. After sometime, the Varna came to be based on birth and not on worth.
People who revolted against this system were kept out of the Varna-system. They were deprived of three rights - right to education, right to own property and right to hold arms. It produced social, mental, moral and psychological degradation. Deprived of the right to own property, they had to depend on others for their livelihood reducing them to dehumanized destitutes.
According to Dr Ambedkar, Shudras were one of the Aryan communities of the solar race, they were part of Indo-Aryan society; there was a time there were three Varnas and Shudra were part of Kshatriyas. There was continuous feud between Kshatriyas and Brahmins in which Kshatriyas committed atrocities on Brahmins. There was hatred between both the communities and Brahmins refused to invest Shudra with sacred thread.
It is just possible that some of the defeated tribes whom priestly class wanted to use as menial workers were kept outside of the Varna system. There is a classical example of Chauhans. After the defeat of Prithvi Raj at the battle of Tarain in 1192, Ghori king kept in captivity some of his soldiers as prisoners who were not accepted back in Hindu fold as they had been touched by the Muslims. There are many Chauhans among Dalits.
Any man who was excommunicated from his Varna for any reason was welcome in the category of untouchables. It is also possible that in Post-Mauryan period, people who opposed reimposition of caste system were forced to do menial or mechnical jobs. Monopoly in profession seems to be post Mauryan concept that became the cause of India's slavery.
NOW, new research in the field of human genome has proved that all human come from one single parentage. Will it change our system? Let us hope.
One thing is certain in democracy. More the noose of the caste system gets tightened, more is the revolt against the hegemonic system. Now, people know that the Purush Sukta has no scientific basis and it is an interpolation, deceit and stigma on Hindu society. There is no basis of Purush Sukta. It is pseudo-scientific gibberish!
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